Definition of Internet
What would life be like today without the internet? The internet is becoming more valuable every year. Before the advent of smartphones and tablets, only computers (whether it is laptop or desktop) can have access to internet. Hence, people back in the day were not heavily dependent on the internet since they only have a limited access.
Also, considering the internet speed, they couldn’t do so much with it. For example, a 5-minute YouTube video would take forever to load before. Now, it only takes minutes to download a full movie, especially in countries with fast internet connections.
Actually, the internet was used in the 1960’s to allow computers to share data and information for military and scientific purposes. It was first proposed in 1962 by J.C.R. Licklider of MIT.
Computers located in California and Massachusetts were the very first computers that were connected via dial-up telephone lines in 1965 by Lawrence Roberts of MIT. In 1966, Lawrence Roberts (by using the concept of computer networks which was first proposed by J.C.R. Licklider) then began to develop the internet (which was called ARPANET at that time) by moving to the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA).
ARPA then began to establish the global internet connection by initially connecting four major computers belonging to UCLA, Stanford Research Institute, University of Utah, and UCSB.
During this time, the internet was used to maintain a communications network that will work so that information dissemination and sharing would not be disrupted if major sites are not operational.
Early internet users are not actually casual people, but experts like engineers, librarians, and scientists. They had to learn and use a complicated system just to navigate through the internet. Also, ordinary people don’t have access to internet and personal computers since the average cost of a computer during that time was about five million dollars!
What is the Internet?
The definition of internet can be summarized as a large electronic network, which connects various computer networks and facilities from around the world. It may also be defined as connection of a computer to any other computer anywhere in the world. When these two computers are connected, the people navigating them could send messages, videos, pictures, etc. It’s like what you do with your friend when you are on Facebook or Twitter.
World Wide Web and Web browsing
People navigate the internet through Web browsers (like Google, Firefox, Safari, Opera, etc.) and the World Wide Web (WWW or simply Web). By using the WWW, people can access billions of pages containing various information. It is possible to access these pages by typing and clicking the links that appear in the search engine after a keyword or key phrase is entered in the engine. Moreover, in today’s technology, images can also be used to search for information.
Internet connects computers from anywhere in the world. Today, however, that definition of internet may be a little bit restricted since it connects not only computers, but also tablets, smartphones and electronic gadgets around the world.
Any electronic device that can connect to the internet has an IP (internet protocol) address. Now, if you are connected to the internet using an internet service provider or ISP, you will have a temporary IP address. If you connect using a local area network (LAN), you may be assigned either a temporary or permanent IP address. Either way, this IP address is vital to your web browsing activities since this is where websites send the information that you request.
Use of internet
There are many uses of internet. Below are just some of these uses:
Video gaming – This 70-billion dollar video gaming industry heavily relies on the internet (especially pc and mobile gaming) to connect gamers from all over the world. Moreover, not all game developers have enough funds since it would be too expensive for them to ship physical copies of games. Hence, they utilize digital distribution. Without the internet, people won’t be able to download their games. Also, most games have online features. PvP’s or Player vs. Player (where gamers from around the world battle head to head) require an internet connection.
Social Media – Before the advent of social media, people mainly used emails and telephones to communicate with their loved ones who are on the other side of the world. Today, we have Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and other social networking sites that can connect us to our loved ones in real time. Moreover, social networking sites also provide a forum where people can share and exchange information and opinions.
News updates – Back in the day, people only get their daily news updates from T.V., radio and newspapers. Today, these updates are all over these social networking sites. If you are fond of sports, for example, you can catch the live score update of your favorite basketball or football game by simply browsing the internet. If you want to watch the game live, then you can also take advantage of the live streaming sites.
Movies and music –You can now watch movies and listen to music online. Music artists use YouTube and other social networking sites to promote their songs. Actors are also promoting their movies in the same way. This will not be possible today without the internet.
For example, you can listen to your favorite artists’ latest song on Spotify (the leading app in music) while you’re jogging in the morning or watch your favorite movie on Netflix while having dinner in your room. You can save a lot of money and storage space in your house if you watch movies online.
The internet will continue to evolve and develop as years pass by since people these days heavily rely on it in their daily lives. Maybe in the near future, simple household items such as electric fans, stoves and ovens will have to be connected to the internet to utilize their other features. In the near future, the definition of internet will be much broader since it will cover not only computers and tablets, but also high end electronic gadgets that will be invented in the future.